Public Health England (PHE) is encouraging pregnant women to go for the free flu vaccination this winter as a new report shows how fatal the virus can be for them.
The report shows that amongst those women who died in, or shortly after, pregnancy, between 2009 and 2012, flu was the cause of death in one in 11.
Within this period, a total of 36 pregnant women died with strains of the flu virus that the current vaccine will protect against.
Pregnant women are at increased risk of serious complications and death from flu compared with other healthy adults.
Flu can also affect the pregnancy, leading to stillbirth, prematurity and low birthweight. It can also be serious for new-born babies, who cannot be protected themselves by vaccination, but gain some protection if their mother is vaccinated in pregnancy.
The mother’s antibodies from the vaccine help to prevent serious infection from flu for the baby in first few weeks of life. They are also less likely to catch the virus from a vaccinated mother.
Professor Maria Zambon, Director of PHE’s Reference Microbiology Centre, said: “Flu is now largely preventable for pregnant women and their babies, because a free, safe and effective vaccination is offered from the NHS. The vaccine is not a live vaccine and it cannot give you flu. Despite this, around 60% of pregnant women in England have yet to get the flu vaccine this winter – and this of great concern.”
Dr Mary Ramsay, Head of Immunisation for PHE, said: “Vaccination also helps to minimise the effects of flu in pregnancy. We know that women are at increased risk of complications in pregnancy arising as a result of flu, and the risk increases in the later stages of pregnancy. Getting flu during pregnancy can lead to an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth or having a low weight baby. Having the vaccination reduces the chances of getting flu, which in turn means the risk of these complications is significantly reduced.
She added: “We urge all pregnant women, and anyone else who is eligible but hasn’t yet received their free flu vaccination, to contact their GP or midwife today. It’s free because you need it.”